100 key grammatical terms of english

], A noun phrase is a group of words consisting of a noun or pronoun along with any modifiers of that noun or pronoun (such as  determiners,  adjectives,  postmodifying phrases, etc.). An object is a noun, noun phrase, pronoun, or clause which forms the complement of a transitive verb and typically refers to something or someone that is affected by the action denoted by that verb. A prepositional phrase is a group of words consisting of a preposition and its object (typically a noun, noun phrase, or pronoun). BE HIND 64. faster) to the adjective or adverb, or by using more as a modifier (e.g.
[In unrevised OED entries, possessive is sometimes abbreviated as poss. OED entries show abbreviated part-of-speech labels next to the entry word, for example MILK n., NECESSARY adj., S/HE pron.2, HATE v., CHEERFULLY adv., ON prep., OR conj.1, and SHAZAM int. For example, in ‘I went to get my coat, which I had left in the hall’, my coat is the antecedent of the relative pronoun which. "(Hannibal Lecter in The Silence of the Lambs, 1991), A subject is the part of a sentence that indicates what it is about. (See also: Practice in Identifying Indirect Objects. This glossary of English grammar terms relates to the English language. Some conjunctions consist of more than one word, for example as soon as; these may be described as compound conjunctions. 2b is described as ‘Followed by a personal pronoun in the subjective case’, covering examples such as ‘The creators, save, S/HE pron. In English, adverbs of direction are frequently used with verbs to form phrasal verbs , for example run away, fall down, take off, heat up. Simple words are usually contrasted with compounds or prefixed words. In the active voice, the subject of the verb does the action (eg They killed the President). In many grammatical models, tense specifically refers to the set of inflected verb forms which indicate the time at which something is viewed as happening or existing. For example, in ‘Jane asked what the doctor said’, what the doctor said is an indirect question because it is a report of the question Jane asked. [In some unrevised OED entries, the term preterite is used instead of ‘past tense’.]. Old English had three grammatical genders (masculine, feminine, and neuter), and while many feminine nouns referred to women or female animals (for example cwen ‘woman’, ‘queen’), others did not (for example tunge ‘tongue’). See also prepositional object, prepositional passive, prepositional phrase.

If you see anything suspicious, report it to the police. Contrast with Passive Voice. in ‘everything seems in order’), taste (e.g. A prepositional object is a word or phrase (typically a noun, noun phrase, or pronoun) which forms the complement of, and usually follows, a preposition. is used in various additional ways, especially: An abstract noun denotes something immaterial such as an idea, quality, state, or action (as opposed to a concrete noun, which denotes a physical object, place, person, or animal). Pronouns in the second person indicate the person (or group of people) being addressed. 61.

A verb that takes a direct object. The clause expressing the condition is called the protasis, and the clause expressing the consequence is called the apodosis. An element is a word, combining form, prefix, or suffix which is a component part of a larger construction (a compound word, a clause, etc.). [In unrevised OED entries, construction is sometimes abbreviated as const.]. After we had lunch, we went back to work. As a general rule, a common noun does not begin with a capital letter unless it appears at the start of a sentence.

An attributive adjective directly modifies a noun or noun phrase, usually preceding it (e.g. There can also be non-referential, for example in ‘There’s no-one in the room.’. An interrogative is a word, clause, or sentence used to ask or express a question.

was a dual pronoun meaning ‘we two’. imagines will happen; formed with BARE INFINITIVE (except past of "be"), adjective or adverb that describes the extreme degree of something, sentence structure; the rules about sentence structure, special construction with statement that ends in a mini-question; the whole sentence is a tag question; the mini-question is a. form of a verb that shows us when the action or state happens (past, present or future). ), possessive pronouns (mine, yours, etc. In ‘I asked who was responsible’, who was responsible is an interrogative clause. The traditional term for the categories into which words are classified according to their functions in sentences. (See also: Forming the Past Tense of Regular Verbs. n.) as a part of speech label, but in revised entries verbal nouns are classified as nouns and given the part-of-speech label n.].

"(Hannibal Lecter in The Silence of the Lambs, 1991), A sentence is a word or (more commonly) a group of words that expresses a complete idea. If you're in the mood to brush up on your grammar, this page is for you: brief definitions and examples of the most common grammatical terms. A verb that does not take a direct object. ABIDING adj. The grammatical contrast between singular and plural forms of nouns, pronouns, determiners, and verbs. "(Paikea in Whale Rider, 2002), A pronoun is a word that takes the place of a noun.

For example, in ‘This is the man who called yesterday’, who called yesterday is a relative clause introduced by the relative pronoun who. A group of words not containing a subject and its verb (eg on the table, the girl in a red dress). See also Passive Voice. or unchanged (aircraft, mackerel, etc.).

A relative pronoun is a pronoun which introduces a subordinate clause giving more information about the person or thing referred to by that pronoun. pronoun Intensifiers are often adverbs (e.g. A group of words that has both a subject and a verb but (unlike an independent clause) cannot stand alone as a sentence. There are also many irregular past tense forms: for example, ran is the past tense form of run, did is the past tense form of do, and was and were are past tense forms of be. For example, in ‘I like to bake’. English has never possessed an independent vocative case, but a pronoun, noun, or noun phrase which is being used as a form of address (e.g.
his, our) and in the ’s in, for example, John’s book, which is the modern equivalent of the old genitive case ending -es. Chicken – a coward; You’re a chicken, Tom!


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